With evolution of Twenty20 cricket, modern batsmen have started to score quite quickly in one day and test matches as well. Naturally, that day is not far off when someone may thrill the world with a quick ton in longest format.
See list of fastest century in ODIs.
Vivian Richards, West Indies master blaster, didn't play twenty20 cricket, but he always scored quickly anyway. The caribbean legend holds the record of fastest hundred in test match cricket, which he scored off just 56 balls against England at Antigua back on 15 April 1986. With 4 wins in 4 games of that series, West Indies wanted a whitewash and after taking 164 run lead on first innings, it was obvious for them to push for an outright win. Viv Richards (the then captain) unleashed his true self, scoring unbeaten 110 from only 58 runs with 7 fours and 7 sixes to propell his team's lead to 410, helping his bowlers secure a 240 run win. and thus, a clean sweep!
The most recent fastest test match ton is made by Adam Gilchrist, as Australians pushed for a win at Perth. Gilchrist took just 59 balls for his 102 runs, stroking 12 fours and 4 sixes against a depleted England side who went on to suffer yet another whitewash in that 5 test match series!
Nathan Astle of New Zealand holds the record of fastest double century in test match cricket, against England, at Jade stadium in Christchurch. Set 550 to chase, Kiwis were 333 for 9 before Nathan Astle went briserk. With injured Chris Cairns at other end, defending, Astle scored his second hundred runs off just 39 balls, trying to pull off a miraculous win, but Kiwis lost the game by 98 runs.
Record of fastest triple ton (300) in test cricket is held by India's virendra Sehwag, as you can see in 3rd table below. note that most triple centuries were made in yesteryears when cricket stats didn't record the number of balls played but number of minutes batted by the batsmen. hence, cricketing world don't have the accurate figures for fastest trible centuries in test matches.