What is a Century in Cricket? – List of the Most and Fastest Centuries

A century is one of the most important statistics in cricket. In the following article, I discuss the meaning of the term and its significance in a batsman’s career. Also keep on reading, if you are interested in our up-to-date interactive charts about players with the most centuries.

Centuries may not win games of cricket but, in a sport where the result is dependent on how many runs are scored by each side, they are vitally important.

Century in Cricket: In Short

The term ‘century’ in cricket specifically refers to one hundred runs within a single innings. A batsman is aiming to score a century as this is a significant personal achievement and it’s also one that is likely to help his or her team win the match.

Centuries can also be cited in multiples or divisibles: Therefore, it will be noted when a batsman has reached a half century, a double century, a triple century and a quadruple century. The higher numbers are much rarer and there has only ever been one instance where a batter has passed 500 runs in a single innings.

Sachin Tendulkar celebrates his century against Australia, 4th Jan 2008
Sachin Tendulkar celebrates his century against Australia, 4th Jan 2008

The Significance of a Century

A century may be more significant for the individual player. As a batsman, their job is to score runs and the more centuries that they record, the better their chances of staying in the side. From domestic cricket, the progression to an international team may also depend on the amount of centuries that a player can score.

Cricket is a game that revolves around many statistics and, for that reason, a century is far more significant than a score of 99. During and at the end of a player’s career, those stats will be analysed and a list of their centuries will be shown. The quality of that player, as a batsman, will be measured by how many centuries they have scored.

In relation to the overall team score, centuries are less important but they still hold some significance. In all forms of cricket, the objective is to score more runs than the opposition and that’s unlikely to happen on a regular basis if players within the team are not making centuries.

Top 20 Combined List of Players with the Most Centuries

The following continually updated chart illustrates the top 20 players with the most international centuries combined. It’s interactive: You are free to switch Test, ODI and T20I cricket matches on/off, so to see how some of these top level cricketers fare if only one or two of these formats are taken into account. Also feel free to check out the data behind the player’s picture.

What is a Partnership Century?

A partnership century is achieved when two batsmen score a combined 100 runs when they are together at the crease. The division of those runs is not important and a century partnership will typically include some extras which are not credited to either batter.

Once again, a century partnership can also be discussed in terms of multiples and divisibles. Therefore, a commentator reporting on a televised cricket match may also refer to half century partnerships, double century partnerships and so on.

Century Records and Facts

First to Reach the Milestone

Test Cricket

The first century in test cricket was scored in the first ever game between Australia and England in 1877. Australia’s Charles Bannerman made 165 of his side’s first innings total of 245.

No other batsman would pass three figures in this game as Australia went on to win by 45 runs.

One Day Internationals

The first century in international limited overs cricket came in the second ever official ODI. England’s Denis Amiss was the man to make history as he scored 103 against Australia at Old Trafford in 1972.

Amiss’ century came from 134 balls as England beat Australia by six wickets.

T20 Internationals

Centuries in T20 cricket are much rarer and we had to wait a little longer for the first hundred in the international format. The inaugural T20 international took place between Australia and New Zealand in 2005 while the first ever century followed in 2007.

West Indies’ Chris Gayle had the honour, scoring 117 against South Africa in the opening game of the first ever T20 World Cup.

cricket century

Most Centuries in Cricket

Most Centuries in Test Matches

As of 2021, the man with the most centuries in test cricket is Sachin Tendulkar. In a fourteen-year career, the Indian batsman made 51 hundreds in the test format.

Tendulkar made his maiden test century as a 17 year old against England at Old Trafford in 1990.

Most Centuries in One Day Internationals

Sachin Tendulkar also holds the record for the most centuries in One Day International cricket. When he retired in 2013, India’s most prolific batter had made 49 hundreds in this format.

Tendulkar is, currently, the only man to have made one hundred centuries in international cricket. The closest challenger to that landmark at the time of writing is Australia’s Ricky Ponting with 71 while Virat Kohli, in third place with 70 hundreds, is the closest active player.

Most Centuries in T20 Internationals

An Indian batsman also holds the record for the most hundreds scored in T20 internationals. With a highest score of 118, Rohit Sharma currently has four centuries in the international format.

Those numbers are correct at the end of the India v England T20i series in March 2021.

Fastest Centuries in Cricket

Fastest Centuries in Test Cricket

As with all of the records on this list, the statistics relating to fastest centuries are correct as of April 2021. Milestones in these instances are usually rated in terms of balls faced as opposed to minutes at the crease. This is a fairer way to assess fastest hundreds as a batsman’s scoring speed could be affected by losing the strike or any unavoidable delays such as an injury to a fielder.

In test cricket, the record for the fastest century currently belongs to New Zealand’s Brendon McCullum whose hundred against Australia in 2016 came from just 54 balls. The Kiwi was renowned for being a fast scorer and his quickest hundred came in his final test.

Fastest Centuries in One Day Internationals

AB De Villiers is the man who currently holds the record for the fastest century in One Day International Cricket. The South African made his hundred from just 31 balls when his side took on the West Indies at Johannesburg in 2015.

De Villiers’ innings contained eight fours and 16 sixes.

Fastest Centuries in T20 Internationals

Another South African currently shares the record for the quickest hundred in T20 internationals. David Miller set a new mark when he reached three figures from 35 balls in a game against Bangladesh in October 2017.

Just two months after Miller recorded that milestone, Rohit Sharma of India equalled the landmark. Playing for India against Sri Lanka in December 2017, Sharma also reached his century from 35 balls.

In 2019, a third player joined Rohit Sharma and David Miller at the top of the list for fastest T20 international centuries. Playing for the Czech Republic against Turkey in August 2019, Sudesh Wickramasekara also reached the three figure mark from just 35 balls.

Fastest Double Centuries

Fastest Double Centuries in Test Cricket