In order that the bowler doesn’t gain an unfair advantage, there are certain safeguards in place for the batsman. A no ball will be called if, in the umpire’s opinion, an illegal delivery has been sent down.
There are a number of ways in which a delivery can be called illegal and be declared a no ball. The most common of these relates to the front foot law.
What is a No Ball in Cricket?
A no ball is an illegal delivery provided by the bowler. Most methods of dismissal, including the most common three – bowled, LBW and caught – do not apply in the event of a no ball being called.
One run will be added to the batting side’s total and the delivery must be bowled again. A no ball can be called in a number of different circumstances. In addition, it is the umpire’s job to call and signal a free hit in relation to the next delivery, if he or she deems it appropriate. A free hit allows the batsman to strike the ball and, once again, he cannot be given out in most circumstances.
How Many No Balls are there in Cricket?
As of 2021, there are twelve ways in which a no ball can be called by the umpire. Some of the types of no ball discussed below are traditional and have been part of the laws of cricket for centuries while others are relatively new.
The full list reads as follows:
Types of No Ball in Cricket
Front Foot No Ball
The most common type of illegal delivery is a front foot no ball. In order for a delivery to be considered legal, the bowler must have some part of their front foot behind the popping crease when the ball leaves their hand. If a bowler’s foot lands behind the line and subsequently slides over it then that’s OK as the no ball can only be called at the point in which the foot hits the ground.
It’s important to remember that the crease itself belongs to the umpire so, if the foot is on the line then it’s a no ball. The delivery is only considered to be fair if there is a part of the foot behind that popping crease.
If a front foot no ball is called and signalled, one run is added to the batting side’s total and the bowler must bowl the ball again. Additionally, if the game is a One Day or T20 match, the next ball is a free hit.
When a ball is delivered front foot, the only means by which a batsman can be out is via the following methods: Hit the Ball Twice, Run Out or Obstructing the Field.
No Ball for Bowler Breaking the Return Crease
The return crease is represented by the two vertical lines to the side of the stumps at either end. When delivering the ball, the bowler must stay within the confines of these lines and if he were to break them with either foot, the standing umpire shall call and signal no ball.
Unlike the front foot no ball, both feet must be entirely within that return crease at the point of delivery. If either foot touches the line, a no ball should be called. A run will be added to the batting team’s total and the bowler must send down the delivery again. In addition, a free hit will be called in One Day or T20 cricket.
No Ball Called Based on Height (Full Toss)
Cricket is working hard to eliminate dangerous play and, as such, a no ball can now be called if a full toss is delivered above waist height. To be called as a no ball, the delivery must be deemed to be above waist height at the point that it would reach the batsman in their normal stance.
If it is determined that a no ball has been sent down, one run will be added to the batting total and the bowler must bowl it again. A free hit must be declared in one day cricket and the batsmen can only be given out by those three methods – run out, hit the ball twice or obstructing the field.
There is another point to note for umpires here: If the delivery is accidental then the bowler should be cautioned. If the same bowler bowls another no ball in this fashion, they should then be taken out of the attack. If, however, the initial no ball is deemed to be deliberate, they should be removed from the attack without warning.
No Ball for Delivery Bouncing Too High
Height is also an issue in our next type of no ball but, in this instance, the delivery is able to bounce. If, after the ball has bounced, it travels over the batsman at above head height, a no ball should be called.
To be deemed an illegal delivery in this way, the square leg umpire shall determine that the ball is higher than the batsman’s head if he were upright.
The usual supplementary laws to this type of no ball will apply so there will be an extra run given to the batting side. The possibilities for dismissal are limited and the next delivery will be a free hit in one day cricket.
No Ball for Multiple Bounces or Pitching Off the Strip
Recent changes to the Laws of cricket have introduced a separate set of circumstances where a no ball can be called. In cricket, a delivery is only allowed to bounce once before it reaches the batsman. If it bounces two or more times, the standing umpire shall call and signal a no ball.
In addition, the ball is not allowed to simply roll along the ground and this is a no ball too.
Separately, and distinct from a ‘wide ball’, a no ball is called if the ball pitches outside of the cut strip that has been prepared for play. The batsman, while standing in his regular stance, would have no chance of hitting the ball and this would be declared an unfair delivery.
No Ball for Breaking the Wicket In Delivery
This is a relatively new addition to the list of no balls and it underlines how cricket’s laws have evolved over the years. If, during his delivery, the bowler breaks the wicket at his own end, the umpire shall call and signal no ball.
This law was introduced after England’s Steven Finn had issues with breaking the wicket. South African captain Graeme Smith argued that this was distracting to the batsman and it was agreed that this should be classed as an illegal delivery.
No Ball if the Bowler Throws the Ball
At the point of delivery, the bowler’s arm must be straight: There is a small degree of flexibility and this can be contentious at times but, if the square leg umpire feels that the bowler throws the ball, as opposed to bowling it, then they must call and signal no ball.
That level of flexibility is up to 15 degrees in the elbow joint which is extremely difficult to call in a live match. The umpire must, therefore, be completely certain that the bowler has gone beyond this point. If a bowler infringes in this way twice in a match, the fielding team’s captain should be consulted and the bowler would be removed from the attack for the rest of the innings.
No Ball for Bowling Underarm
In ancient games of cricket, it was more prevalent for the ball to be delivered with an underarm action but these days the practise is outlawed. This is another relatively new law that has been brought in to ensure fair play following an infamous incident in a one day international between Australia and New Zealand. With New Zealand needing a six to win, Australia’s Trevor Chappell was ordered to bowl underarm so that the Kiwis couldn’t clear the boundary.
In the modern day, a no ball will be called if a bowler delivers underarm and it doesn’t matter how many times that ball bounces before reaching the batsman.
No Ball for Failing to Declare a Correct Mode of Delivery
Before a bowler comes on to start his spell, the umpire will ask him or her for their intended method of delivery. He or she will either be left or right handed and they will deliver from Around or Over the wicket. Having declared this information, the umpire will then convey it to the batsman.
If the bowler then delivers in a manner contrary to that which has been declared, the standing umpire shall call and signal no ball. The same principle applies if the bowler later changes their mode of delivery without first notifying the standing umpire.
No Ball for a Fielder Intercepting a Delivery
This has to be an exceptionally rare form of no ball and it would be tough for anyone to recall an instance where this has happened. However, a no ball should be called and signalled if the bowler’s delivery has been intercepted by a fielder before it reaches the batsman.
A no ball can also be called if a fielder encroaches on the pitch, even if they don’t come into contact with the ball. In addition, the wicket keeper must not take the ball in front of the stumps unless the batsman has struck it or it has hit the batsman’s body.
This could be an accident in which case it would be more plausible but, in any instance where the fielder makes that interception before the batsman has had a chance to play, the umpire shall call a no ball.
No Ball for Dangerous Bowling
Dangerous Bowling is a general term which can be applied by either umpire. Outside of the full tosses and above head high bouncers, this has its own category. It’s a little hard to clarify but it could be applied if, perhaps, a bowler is continually delivering head high bouncers to a tail ender.
Essentially, while it’s a slightly obscure law, it’s in place at the umpires’ discretion and can be used to ensure safe and fair play.
Leg Side No Ball
A leg side no ball is an extremely rare event and it happens through no fault of the bowler. As the ball is delivered, a no ball will be called if there are more than two fielders behind square leg on the leg side.
The law was introduced following the infamous Ashes Bodyline series in the 1930s. Facing a strong Australian side, the English tourists packed the leg side with fielders and delivered what was widely considered to be intimidatory bowling. As a result, no more than two leg side fielders can be behind square.