In those situations, in test cricket, its very tough for a team to bat last (4th innings) of a test match and overhaul a huge total. Over 2000 test matches so far, only four teams have went on to chase a total of over 400 to win the game. The record, of course, remains with West Indies who scored mammoth 418 for 7 wickets at St Johns in May 2003.
Shivnarine Chanderpaul & Ramnaresh Sarwan scored centuries whereas Brain Lara made crucial fifty to lift his teams moral. I must also mention that the pitch at Antigua ground had not changed much over the course of that game and Windies had plenty of time to chase down the target (their 4th innings started on day 3). and, boundaries were not as big either! that said, it was a marathon batting display by the home team and Aussies just couldn't stop the bleeding despite Mathew Hayden and Glenn McGrath indulging in ugly arguments with Brian Lara and Ramnaresh Sarwarn respectively!
In last decade, at Perth, Proteas chased down the second highest 4th innings target thanks to centuries from captain Graeme Smith and AB de Villiers.
Following list of highest totals ever chased in test match cricket, above 300, has Australia 8 times, India twice, West Indies 5 times and England few times but none recently!
|Highest 4th innings chases in test matches, ever.|
|West Indies||418/7||128.5||Australia||Antigua||May 2003|
|South Africa||414/4||119.2||Australia||Perth||Dec 2008|
|India||406/4||147.0||West Indies||Trinidad||Apr 1976|
|Australia||362/7||101.0||West Indies||Guyana||Mar 1978|
|Sri Lanka||352/9||113.3||South Africa||Colombo||Aug 2006|
|West Indies||348/5||68.0x8||New Zealand||Auckland||Feb 1969|
|West Indies||344/1||66.1||England||Lord's||Jun 1984|
|South Africa||340/5||104.5||Australia||Durban||Mar 2002|
|Australia||336/5||123.6x8||South Africa||Durban||Jan 1950|
|Australia||334/6||79.1||South Africa||Cape Town||Mar 2002|
|Sri Lanka||326/7||113.5||Zimbabwe||Colombo||Jan 1998|
|New Zealand||324/5||107.0||Pakistan||C'church||Feb 1994|
|West Indies||317/2||93.1||Pakistan||Guyana||Mar 1958|
|New Zealand||317/7||137.5||Bangladesh||C'gong||Oct 2008|
|West Indies||311/9||120.1||Australia||Barbados||Mar 1999|
|Australia||310/8||86.5||South Africa||Jo'burg||Nov 2011|
|England||307/6||146.4||New Zealand||C'chruch||Feb 1997|
|West Indies||307/7||107.7||Bangladesh||Fatullah||Apr 2006|
|Pakistan||302/5||57.3||Sri Lanka||Sharjah||Jan 2014|