History of cricket world cups :-
Cricket World cup 1975
Participating teams = England, India, East Africa, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Australia and Pakistan.
Final = West Indies v England = West Indies won by 17 runs.
First ever one day international was played on 5 January 1971, courtsey rain on first four days of that England Australia test match at Melbourne. 40 overs each side, idea was an instant success as 46,000 spectators had walked in to witness that first ever one day cricket match.. Little over 4 years & 18 ODI later, first world cup of cricket was organised in England from 7th to 21 June 1975, called as Prudential world cup, of 60 overs each side. England beat India by 202 runs in game 1 and New Zealand fractured East Africa by 181 runs in game 2 to make a non-thrilling begining to the tournament and even next six games were one sided before mighty West Indies encountered Pakistan. Wicket keeper Deryck Murray steered Windies home with last man two balls remaning chasing 267 and installed enough confidence in them that they squeezed past Australia next in second last over and then beat New Zealand in semi-final. England defeated Aussies in second semi-final only to be beaten by an in-form Caribbean side. West Indies won first world cup, final margin = by 17 runs. captain Clive Llyod was man of the match, for his 102 off 85 balls with 12 fours plus 2 sixes.
Cricket World cup 1979
Participating teams = England, India, Canada, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Australia and Pakistan.
Final = West Indies v England = West Indies won by 92 runs.
East Africa replaced by Canada, this tournament (also called as Prudential world cup) contained 15 matches and West Indies were clear favorites, and they performed so too, defeating India by 9 wickets in opening match while rain spared Sri Lanka before Lloyd's men beat New Zealand in virtual quater final through some testing fast bowling from Andy Roberts, Michael Holding, Colin Croft and Joel Garner. In semifinal, Pakistan put up brave fight by reaching 250 with Majid Khan and Zaheer Abbas scoring 81 & 93 respectively, chasing 294 but no one could stop West Indies as they went on to beat England in final by 92 runs.
Cricket World cup 1983
Participating teams = England, India, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Australia, Zimbabwe, West Indies, Australia and Pakistan.
Final = West Indies v India = India won by 43 runs.
Indians had quitely fielded a team packed with allrounders and it showed results right at the beginging when they beat invincible Windies in their first game and then defeated minnows Zimbabwe easily but soon, reality sinked in as they lost to Australia and West Indies without much challenge before emerging from dead situation against Zimbabwe thanks to record breaking 175 from captain Kapil Dev and then beating Aussies to qualify for semi-finals against home team England whom they cleared by 6 wickets margin. Indians played fearless cricket in the final against West Indies and although they could just manage 183 having being inserted in to bat, bowlers did the job and made they country men crazy for the game for ever.
1987 World cup
Participating teams = India, Australia, England, Pakistan, New Zealand, West Indies, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.
Final = Australia v England = Australia won by 7 runs.
The 1987 World Cup, sponsored by Relaince was the first world cup to be held outside England. Emerging power houses from the sub continent, India and Pakistan jointly hosted the event which was played from 8 October to 8 November and had the format similar to that of the 1983 world cup. This world cup saw the major change of overs getting reduced from 60 to 50 to make the games less time consuming and more interesting.
The World Cup started with nail biting games as in the first game, Australia defeated hosts India by just one run at Madras while Zimbabwe were on course of causing an upset against New Zealand but fell short by just 3 runs in second game.
From group A, India and Australia cruised to the semi finals with 5 wins from 6 games each and the only loss coming in the games against each other. From group B, Pakistan and England came through with 5 and 4 wins respectively. With hosts India and Pakistan both in the semifinals, everybody was expecting an India-Pakistan final but that wasn't to be as cricket's oldest rivals lost their respective semi finals to stage an Australia-England final! In the first semi final played at Lahore, Australia stunned Pakistan by beating them by 18 runs with Craig Mcdermott picking up a fifer and grabbing the man of the match award. Pakistan team had to bear the wrath of their countrymen for the dissapointment. In the second semifinal played at the Wankhede stadium, Mumbai, England silenced India by beating them convincingly by 35 runs thanks to a great Grahm Gooch century which also earned him the man of the match award! Eden Gardens was set to host the finals and arch rivals Australia and Englad clashed to form the most closely fought world cup final ever in the history of the game! Australia won the toss and made the right decision of batting first. They scored 253 runs in their quota of 50 overs, with David Boon playing a matured knock of 75. England required 17 of the last over, but they fell short by just 7 runs and the cup was handed over to Australia! David Boon was declared the man of the match. This WC didn't had any man of the series award.
1992 World cup
Participating teams = Australia, New Zealand, England, India, South Africa, West Indies, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.
Final = Pakistan v England = Pakistan won by 22 runs.
The 1992 world cup, also known as the Benson and Hedges world cup, was held in Australia and New Zealand from 22 February to 25 March. This world cup introduced many new things into cricket such as coloured clothing, black sight screens, white cricket balls and day night matches under floodlights. It was also the comeback tournament for the South African team which re-joined international cricket at that time. The tournament was played in the round-robbin format. In the opening game of the tournament, New Zealand made a strong statement by defeating the defending champions Australia and later stunned everyone by winning 7 out of their 8 games and finished on top of the table. And in the most awaited clash of the tournament India defeated Pkistan by 43 runs thanks to a brilliant half century by Sachin Tendulkar. The match is also famous for Javed Miandad and Kiran More's frog jump incident. This win was the start of India's unbeaten run against Pakistan at the world stage! England and South Africa also made it to the semi finals with 5 wins each. Pakistan just sneaked into the semis with 4 wins and a no result under their belt.
In the first semi final, played at Auckland, Pakistan brought a famous win by chasing down New Zealand's massive target of 262. Inzamam played a match winning knock of 60 from just 37 balls to turn the game in Pakistan's favour. He was declared the man of the match. And in the second semi final, South Africa needed 22 runs of 13 balls against England, but right then Duckworth Lewis came into play due to the rain and reduced the target to an impossible 22 runs off just 1 ball. It was a dissapointing end to South Africa's dream come back to international cricket.
The final of the world cup was played at the historical MCG. Pakistan set England a competitive target of 250, Imran Khan had promoted himself up the order and top scored with 72 runs. The target proved to be too much for England as they were bundled out for 227 runs. Wasim Akram was just unplayable that day with his pace and swing and won the man of the match award by picking up 3 crucial English wickets.
1996 World cup
Participating teams = Australia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, West Indies, England, South Africa, Kenya, UAE, Netherlands, Zimbabwe.
Final = Sri Lanka v Australia = Sri Lanka won by 7 wickets.
The 1996 world cup, also known as the Wills world cup, was once again hosted in the sub-continent. Sri Lanka were hosting the event for the first time along with India and Pakistan. Controversy started even before the tournament began as Australia and West Indies refused to go to Sri Lanka citing security concerns. This resulted in icc giving default victories to Lanka in both the games and Lanka were in the quarter finals even before playing a game! The tournament was played in the round robbin and knock out format. Twelve teams were divided into two groups with top four teams from each group going into the quarter finals. From group A, Sri Lanka topped the group with 10 points followed by Australia and India with 6 points each. West Indies just managed to sneak in with 4 points. Kenya caused a major upset in group A when they defeated West Indies in Pune by 73 runs! From group B, South Africa were the table toppers with 10 points followed by Pakistan, New Zealand and England with 8, 6 and 4 points respectively.
The quarter finals saw arch rivals and co-hosts India and Pakistan face off against each other at Banglore, where India managed to get an easy win by 39 runs, much to the delight of the home crowd! Sri Lanka, West Indies and Australia won their respective quarter finals to book semis birth. The first semi finals saw the first ever abandoned match in the history of the game. India were staring at defeat at 120/8 chasing Sri Lanka's 251, Eden gardens crowd couldnt see their team losing the word cup semi final and started rioting and the match was awarded to Sri Lanka by match refree Clive Lloyed! In the second semi final played at Mohali, Australia just managed to beat Windies in a highly contested nail biting match by just 5 runs.
Gaddafi stadium of Lahore was ready to host the final of the mega event. Sri Lanka and Australia clashed in the finals, Sri Lanka restricted Australia to 241 thanks to Aravinda De Silva's 3 wickets. Arvinda then made an unbeaten century and Sri Lanka successfuly chased down the target. The trophy went to Lanka and Aravinda was rightfully declared the man of the match!
1999 World cup
Participating teams = Australia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, West Indies, England, South Africa, Kenya, Bangladesh, Scotland, Zimbabwe.
Final = Australia v Pakistan = Australia won by 8 wickets.
In 1999, Cricket and the world cup went back to their native place, the home of cricket, England. Twelve teams were divided into two groups, but the format was a little different from the previous world cup with only three teams from each group making it to the super sixes, which was a new concept in world cup cricket. Top four teams from the super six stage were qualified to the semi finals. In group A, new format brought new surprrises as minnows Zimbabwe caused two major upsets by beating India and South Africa in the group stage. Interestingly hosts England and defending champions Sri Lanka had to pay the price for the upsets as both India and South Africa made it to the super six stage along with Zimbabwe! In group B, Bangladesh too caused a huge upset by beating Pakistan. But unlike group A, Bangladesh's win didnt make any difference to the final outcome of group B, as Pakistan, Australia and New zealand qualified for the super sixes. In the super six stage, Zimbabwe and India were the unlucky one's who missed the semi's birth. Zimbabwe didnt cause anymore upsets and lost all of their super six games, whereas India salvaged some pride by beating their arch rivals Pakistan and keeping their unbeaten record at the world stage against Pakistan intact!
The first semi final played at Manchester was a one sided affair, in which Pakistan comprehensively defeated New Zealand by nine wickets. However, the second semi final between Australia and South Africa was totally opposite of the first, it was an adrinaline rushing nail biting thrill a minute ride which went on till the last ball and ended in a tie with almost nothing to separate between the two sides! Australia progressed to the finals because of they had won the previous encounter between two teams.
The final, however, was dissapointing to say the least! Pakistan were just not fully prepared for the big occasion and were bundled out for a mere 132. Australia cruised to victory in only the 21st over! Shane Warne, who rattled Pakistan batting with 4 wickets was declared the man of thge match and Steve waugh and his team got the honor of lifting the world cup trophy at cricket's mecca, Lords!
2003 World cup
Participating teams = Australia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, England, South Africa, New Zealand, West Indies, Bangladesh, Kenya, Netherlands, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Canada.
Final = Australia v India = Australia won by 125 runs.
It was the eighth edition of the cricket world cup. Rainbow nation South Africa hosted the event for the first time along with Zimbabwe and Kenya. The tournament was held from 19th February to 24th March and had the same format of the 1999 world cup. Group A saw a major upset as Zimbabwe qualified for the super sixes along with Australia and India and England while Pakistan were eliminated in the first round. It was largely because, England had refused to travel to Zimbabwe for their game, handing over Zimbabwe the win while the Pakistan-Zimbabwe game was called off due to rain. Defending champs Australia went to the super sixes unbeaten while India lost just one game which was against Australia. It was a similar story in group B, where Kenya made it to the super sixes along with New Zealand and Sri Lanka while West Indies and hosts South Africa crashed out. Kenya caused a major upset by beating Lanka in the group stage but it didnt make much of a difference to the final outcome of the group as both Lanka and Kenya qualified for the next stage.
In the super six stage, India and Australia made it to the semis by winning all three of their games while Lanka, kiwis and Kenya were tied at a win each. It was a glorious moment for Kenya as they qualified with Sri Lanka for the semi finals thanks to a superior net run rate! The semi finals proved to be cake walks for both India and Australia as Autralia easily won their game against Sri Lanka by 48 runs and India won comprehensively against Kenya by 91 runs with captain Ganguly scoring a ton and grabbing the man of the match award!
The wanderers stadium Johannesburg provided a beautiful atmosphere for the clash of the tournament. Indian capatain Sourav Ganguly won the all important toss but instead of batting first and putting opposition under pressure by scoring big, he asked Australia to bat first! After that it was an all Australia show as the Aussie batsmen hammered the Indian attack and set India an impossible target of 360. Ricky Ponting played a captain's knock of 146* runs off just 121 balls which included 8 massive sixes! India's chase began with their mainstay Tendulkar falling in the first over and India were bundled out for 234 runs. Australia errupted with joy as Ricky Ponting was handed the World Cup! Ricky won the man of the match, while Sachin grabbed the man of the tournament award.
2007 World cup
Participating teams = Australia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, England, South Africa, New Zealand, West Indies, Bangladesh, Kenya, Netherlands, Zimbabwe, Canada, Ireland, Scotland, Bermuda.
Final = Australia v Sri Lanka = Australia won by 53 runs (D/L).
In 2007, world cup was held in the Carribean for the first time. 16 participating teams were divided into four groups, with top two teams from each group qualifying for the super eights. Group A and C didnt offer any surprises as Autralia and South Africa qualified from group A, whereas New Zealand and England qualified from group C. But it was the outcome of groups B and D which shattered the whole event! Sub continent giants and guaranteed crowd pullers India and Pakistan were eliminated from the event in the group stage because Bangladesh stunned India and Ireland rocked Pakistan! Sri Lanka and Bangladesh qualified from group B, whereas West Indies and Ireland qualified from group D. In the super eights format in which all play all and top four qualified for the semi's, Bangladesh proved that their victory against India wasnt a fluke by defeating the South Africans! Sri Lanka, New Zealand and South Africa qualified for the semi's along with Australia who were still unbeaten in the tournament!
The semi finals were one sided affairs. Sri Lanka covincingly defeated New Zealand in the first one played at Jamaica, with captain Mahela Jaywardene scoring a ton! While, in the second semi final played at Saint Lucia, South Africa chocked! They were all out for 149 and Australia eased to victory with 7 wickets in hand.
Ricky Ponting won the toss and choose to bat in the final which was reduced to a 38 overs affair by rain. Adam Gilchrist smashed 149 off just 104 balls, which is a highest score by a batsman in a world cup final. Australia defeated Sri Lanka by 53 runs to win their third world cup in a row! Adam Gilchrist was named the man of the match and Glenn Mcgrath, playing his last world cup, was named the player of the tournament!